开发指导

About 1 min

开发指导

移植LittleFS到新硬件设备上,需要申明lfs_config:

const struct lfs_config cfg = {
    // block device operations
    .read  = user_provided_block_device_read,
    .prog  = user_provided_block_device_prog,
    .erase = user_provided_block_device_erase,
    .sync  = user_provided_block_device_sync,

    // block device configuration
    .read_size = 16,
    .prog_size = 16,
    .block_size = 4096,
    .block_count = 128,
    .cache_size = 16,
    .lookahead_size = 16,
    .block_cycles = 500,
};
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其中.read,.prog,.erase,.sync分别对应该硬件平台上的底层的读写\擦除\同步等接口。

read_size 每次读取的字节数,可以比物理读单元大以改善性能,这个数值决定了读缓存的大小,但值太大会带来更多的内存消耗。

prog_size 每次写入的字节数,可以比物理写单元大以改善性能,这个数值决定了写缓存的大小,必须是read_size的整数倍,但值太大会带来更多的内存消耗。

block_size 每个擦除块的字节数,可以比物理擦除单元大,但此数值应尽可能小因为每个文件至少会占用一个块。必须是prog_size的整数倍。

block_count 可以被擦除的块数量,这取决于块设备的容量及擦除块的大小。

示例代码

代码实现如下:

int main(void) {
    // mount the filesystem
    int err = lfs_mount(&lfs, &cfg);

    // reformat if we can't mount the filesystem
    // this should only happen on the first boot
    if (err) {
        lfs_format(&lfs, &cfg);
        lfs_mount(&lfs, &cfg);
    }

    // read current count
    uint32_t boot_count = 0;
    lfs_file_open(&lfs, &file, "boot_count", LFS_O_RDWR | LFS_O_CREAT);
    lfs_file_read(&lfs, &file, &boot_count, sizeof(boot_count));

    // update boot count
    boot_count += 1;
    lfs_file_rewind(&lfs, &file);
    lfs_file_write(&lfs, &file, &boot_count, sizeof(boot_count));

    // remember the storage is not updated until the file is closed successfully
    lfs_file_close(&lfs, &file);

    // release any resources we were using
    lfs_unmount(&lfs);

    // print the boot count
    printf("boot_count: %d\n", boot_count);
}
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