动画帧

About 2 min

动画帧

请求动画帧

请求动画帧时通过requestAnimationFrame函数逐帧回调,在调用该函数时传入一个回调函数。

runframe在调用requestAnimationFrame时传入带有timestamp参数的回调函数step,将step中的timestamp赋予起始的startTime。当timestamp与startTime的差值小于规定的时间时将再次调用requestAnimationFrame,最终动画将会停止。

<!-- xxx.hml -->
<div class="container">
  <tabs onchange="changecontent">
    <tab-content>
      <div class="container">
        <stack style="width: 300px;height: 300px;margin-top: 100px;margin-bottom: 100px;">
          <canvas id="mycanvas" style="width: 100%;height: 100%;background-color: coral;">
          </canvas>
          <div style="width: 50px;height: 50px;border-radius: 25px;background-color: indigo;position: absolute;left: {{left}};top: {{top}};">
          </div>
        </stack>
        <button type="capsule" value="play" onclick="runframe"></button>
      </div>
    </tab-content>
  </tabs>
</div>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
/* xxx.css */
.container {
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}
button{
  width: 300px;
}
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
/* xxx.js */
export default {
  data: {
    timer: null,
    left: 0,
    top: 0,
    flag: true,
    animation: null,
    startTime: 0,
  },
  onShow() {
    var test = this.$element("mycanvas");
    var ctx = test.getContext("2d");
    ctx.beginPath();
    ctx.moveTo(0, 0);
    ctx.lineTo(300, 300);
    ctx.lineWidth = 5;
    ctx.strokeStyle = "red";
    ctx.stroke();
  },
  runframe() {
    this.left = 0;
    this.top = 0;
    this.flag = true;
    this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
  },
  step(timestamp) {
    if (this.flag) {
      this.left += 5;
      this.top += 5;
      if (this.startTime == 0) {
        this.startTime = timestamp;
      }
      var elapsed = timestamp - this.startTime;
        if (elapsed < 500) {
          console.log('callback step timestamp: ' + timestamp);
          this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
        }
      } else {
        this.left -= 5;
        this.top -= 5;
        this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
      }
      if (this.left == 250 || this.left == 0) {
        this.flag = !this.flag
     }
    },
    onDestroy() {
      cancelAnimationFrame(this.animation);
    }
}
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51

zh-cn_image_0000001174756860

icon-note.gif 说明: requestAnimationFrame函数在调用回调函数时在第一个参数位置传入timestamp时间戳,表示requestAnimationFrame开始去执行回调函数的时刻。

取消动画帧

通过cancelAnimationFrame函数取消逐帧回调,在调用cancelAnimationFrame函数时取消requestAnimationFrame函数的请求。

<!-- xxx.hml -->
<div class="container">
  <tabs onchange="changecontent">
    <tab-content>
      <div class="container">
        <stack style="width: 300px;height: 300px;margin-top: 100px;margin-bottom: 100px;">
          <canvas id="mycanvas" style="width: 100%;height: 100%;background-color: coral;">
          </canvas>
          <div style="width: 50px;height: 50px;border-radius: 25px;background-color: indigo;position: absolute;left: {{left}};top: {{top}};">
          </div>
        </stack>
        <button type="capsule" value="play" onclick="runframe"></button>
      </div>
    </tab-content>
  </tabs>
</div>
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
/* xxx.css */
.container {
  flex-direction: column;
  justify-content: center;
  align-items: center;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
}
button{
  width: 300px;
}
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
/* xxx.js */
export default {
  data: {
    timer: null,
    left: 0,
    top: 0,
    flag: true,
    animation: null
  },
  onShow() {
    var test = this.$element("mycanvas");
    var ctx = test.getContext("2d");
    ctx.beginPath();
    ctx.moveTo(0, 0);
    ctx.lineTo(300, 300);
    ctx.lineWidth = 5;
    ctx.strokeStyle = "red";
    ctx.stroke();
  },
  runframe() {
    this.left = 0;
    this.top = 0;
    this.flag = true;
    this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
  },
  step(timestamp) {
    if (this.flag) {
      this.left += 5;
      this.top += 5;
      this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
    } else {
      this.left -= 5;
      this.top -= 5;
      this.animation = requestAnimationFrame(this.step);
    }
    if (this.left == 250 || this.left == 0) {
      this.flag = !this.flag
    }
  },
  onDestroy() {
    cancelAnimationFrame(this.animation);
  }
}
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

zh-cn_image_0000001220316655

icon-note.gif 说明: 在调用该函数时需传入一个具有标识id的参数。