音频播放开发指导


音频播放开发指导

场景介绍

音频播放的主要工作是将音频数据转码为可听见的音频模拟信号并通过输出设备进行播放,同时对播放任务进行管理。

图1 音频播放状态机

zh-ch_image_audio_state_machine

图2 音频播放零层图

zh-ch_image_audio_player

开发步骤

详细API含义可参考:媒体服务API文档AudioPlayer

全流程场景

包含流程:创建实例,设置uri,播放音频,跳转播放位置,设置音量,暂停播放,获取轨道信息,停止播放,重置,释放资源等流程。

AudioPlayer支持的src媒体源输入类型可参考:src属性说明

import media from '@ohos.multimedia.media'
import fileIO from '@ohos.fileio'

//打印码流轨道信息
function printfDescription(obj) {
    for (let item in obj) {
        let property = obj[item];
        console.info('audio key is ' + item);
        console.info('audio value is ' + property);
    }
}

//设置播放器回调函数
function setCallBack(audioPlayer) {
    audioPlayer.on('dataLoad', () => {              //设置'dataLoad'事件回调,src属性设置成功后,触发此回调
        console.info('audio set source success');
        audioPlayer.play();                         //需等待'dataLoad'事件回调完成后,才可调用play进行播放,触发'play'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('play', () => {                  //设置'play'事件回调
        console.info('audio play success');
        audioPlayer.pause();                        //触发'pause'事件回调,暂停播放
    });
    audioPlayer.on('pause', () => {                 //设置'pause'事件回调
        console.info('audio pause success');
        audioPlayer.seek(5000);                     //触发'timeUpdate'事件回调,seek到5000ms处播放
    });
    audioPlayer.on('stop', () => {                  //设置'stop'事件回调
        console.info('audio stop success');
        audioPlayer.reset();                        //触发'reset'事件回调后,重新设置src属性,可完成切歌
    });
    audioPlayer.on('reset', () => {                 //设置'reset'事件回调
        console.info('audio reset success');
        audioPlayer.release();                      //audioPlayer资源被销毁
        audioPlayer = undefined;
    });
    audioPlayer.on('timeUpdate', (seekDoneTime) => {//设置'timeUpdate'事件回调
        if (typeof(seekDoneTime) == 'undefined') {
            console.info('audio seek fail');
            return;
        }
        console.info('audio seek success, and seek time is ' + seekDoneTime);
        audioPlayer.setVolume(0.5);                 //触发'volumeChange'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('volumeChange', () => {          //设置'volumeChange'事件回调
        console.info('audio volumeChange success');
        audioPlayer.getTrackDescription((error, arrlist) => {  //通过回调方式获取音频轨道信息
            if (typeof (arrlist) != 'undefined') {
                for (let i = 0; i < arrlist.length; i++) {
                    printfDescription(arrlist[i]);
                }
            } else {
                console.log(`audio getTrackDescription fail, error:${error.message}`);
            }
            audioPlayer.stop();                      //触发'stop'事件回调,停止播放
        });
    });
    audioPlayer.on('finish', () => {                 //设置'finish'事件回调,播放完成触发
        console.info('audio play finish');
    });
    audioPlayer.on('error', (error) => {             //设置'error'事件回调
        console.info(`audio error called, errName is ${error.name}`);
        console.info(`audio error called, errCode is ${error.code}`);
        console.info(`audio error called, errMessage is ${error.message}`);
    });
}

async function audioPlayerDemo() {
    // 1. 创建实例
    let audioPlayer = media.createAudioPlayer();
    setCallBack(audioPlayer);                          //设置事件回调
    //2. 用户选择音频,设置uri
    let fdPath = 'fd://'
    // path路径的码流可通过"hdc file send D:\xxx\01.mp3 /data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile" 命令,将其推送到设备上
    let path = '/data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile/01.mp3';
    await fileIO.open(path).then((fdNumber) => {
        fdPath = fdPath + '' + fdNumber;
        console.info('open fd sucess fd is' + fdPath);
    }, (err) => {
        console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    }).catch((err) => {
        console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    });
    audioPlayer.src = fdPath; //设置src属性,并触发'dataLoad'事件回调
}
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正常播放场景

import media from '@ohos.multimedia.media'
import fileIO from '@ohos.fileio'
export class AudioDemo {
  // 设置播放器回调函数
  setCallBack(audioPlayer) {
    audioPlayer.on('dataLoad', () => {              //设置'dataLoad'事件回调,src属性设置成功后,触发此回调
      console.info('audio set source success');
      audioPlayer.play();                           //调用play方法开始播放,触发'play'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('play', () => {                  //设置'play'事件回调
      console.info('audio play success');
    });
    audioPlayer.on('finish', () => {                //设置'finish'事件回调,播放完成触发
      console.info('audio play finish');
      audioPlayer.release();                        //audioPlayer资源被销毁
      audioPlayer = undefined;
    });
  }

  async audioPlayerDemo() {
    let audioPlayer = media.createAudioPlayer();     //创建一个音频播放实例
    this.setCallBack(audioPlayer);                   //设置事件回调
    let fdPath = 'fd://'
    // path路径的码流可通过"hdc file send D:\xxx\01.mp3 /data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile" 命令,将其推送到设备上
    let path = '/data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile/01.mp3';
    await fileIO.open(path).then((fdNumber) => {
      fdPath = fdPath + '' + fdNumber;
      console.info('open fd sucess fd is' + fdPath);
    }, (err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    }).catch((err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    });
    audioPlayer.src = fdPath; //设置src属性,并触发'dataLoad'事件回调
  }
}
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切歌场景

import media from '@ohos.multimedia.media'
import fileIO from '@ohos.fileio'
export class AudioDemo {
// 设置播放器回调函数
  private isNextMusic = false;
  setCallBack(audioPlayer) {
    audioPlayer.on('dataLoad', () => {              //设置'dataLoad'事件回调,src属性设置成功后,触发此回调
      console.info('audio set source success');
      audioPlayer.play();                           //调用play方法开始播放,触发'play'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('play', () => {                  //设置'play'事件回调
      console.info('audio play success');
      audioPlayer.reset();                          //调用reset方法,触发'reset'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('reset', () => {                 //设置'reset'事件回调
      console.info('audio play success');
      if (!this.isNextMusic) {                      //当isNextMusic 为false时,实现切歌功能
        this.nextMusic(audioPlayer);                //实现切歌功能
      } else {
        audioPlayer.release();                      //audioPlayer资源被销毁
        audioPlayer = undefined;
      }
    });
  }

  async nextMusic(audioPlayer) {
    this.isNextMusic = true;
    let nextFdPath = 'fd://'
    // path路径的码流可通过"hdc file send D:\xxx\02.mp3 /data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile" 命令,将其推送到设备上
    let nextpath = '/data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile/02.mp3';
    await fileIO.open(nextpath).then((fdNumber) => {
      nextFdPath = nextFdPath + '' + fdNumber;
      console.info('open fd sucess fd is' + nextFdPath);
    }, (err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    }).catch((err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    });
    audioPlayer.src = nextFdPath; //设置src属性,并重新触发触发'dataLoad'事件回调
  }

  async audioPlayerDemo() {
    let audioPlayer = media.createAudioPlayer();       //创建一个音频播放实例
    this.setCallBack(audioPlayer);                     //设置事件回调
    let fdPath = 'fd://'
    // path路径的码流可通过"hdc file send D:\xxx\01.mp3 /data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile" 命令,将其推送到设备上
    let path = '/data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile/01.mp3';
    await fileIO.open(path).then((fdNumber) => {
      fdPath = fdPath + '' + fdNumber;
      console.info('open fd sucess fd is' + fdPath);
    }, (err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    }).catch((err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    });
    audioPlayer.src = fdPath; //设置src属性,并触发'dataLoad'事件回调
  }
}
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单曲循环场景

import media from '@ohos.multimedia.media'
import fileIO from '@ohos.fileio'
export class AudioDemo {
  // 设置播放器回调函数
  setCallBack(audioPlayer) {
    audioPlayer.on('dataLoad', () => {              //设置'dataLoad'事件回调,src属性设置成功后,触发此回调
      console.info('audio set source success');
      audioPlayer.loop = true;                      //设置循环播放属性
      audioPlayer.play();                           //调用play方法开始播放,触发'play'事件回调
    });
    audioPlayer.on('play', () => {                  //设置'play'事件回调,开始循环播放
      console.info('audio play success');
    });
  }

  async audioPlayerDemo() {
    let audioPlayer = media.createAudioPlayer();      //创建一个音频播放实例
    this.setCallBack(audioPlayer);                    //设置事件回调
    let fdPath = 'fd://'
    // path路径的码流可通过"hdc file send D:\xxx\01.mp3 /data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile" 命令,将其推送到设备上
    let path = '/data/app/el1/bundle/public/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/ohos.acts.multimedia.audio.audioplayer/assets/entry/resources/rawfile/01.mp3';
    await fileIO.open(path).then((fdNumber) => {
      fdPath = fdPath + '' + fdNumber;
      console.info('open fd sucess fd is' + fdPath);
    }, (err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    }).catch((err) => {
      console.info('open fd failed err is' + err);
    });
    audioPlayer.src = fdPath; //设置src属性,并触发'dataLoad'事件回调
  }
}
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相关实例

针对音频播放开发,有以下相关实例可供参考: